To qualify for declaratory relief, a party has to demonstrate its action presented two essential elements: “
(1) a proper subject of declaratory relief, and
(2) an actual controversy involving justiciable questions relating to the party’s rights or obligations.
Under Cal. Civ. Code § 1060 (2013), declaratory relief can only be sought in a complaint or cross-complaint, but not a counter-claim. Babb v. Superior Court, 3 Cal. 3d 841, 844 n.1 (1971).
A court may decline to order declaratory relief “in any case where its declaration or determination is not necessary or proper at the time under all the circumstances.” Cal. Civ. Code § 1061 (2013).
The authority of a court to order declaratory relief affords a remedy that is “cumulative, and shall not be construed as restricting any remedy, provisional or otherwise, provided by law for the benefit of any party to such action, and no judgment under this chapter shall preclude any party from obtaining additional relief based upon the same facts.” Cal. Civ. Code § 1062.
CALIFORNIA STATE COURTS
Supreme Court of California: Longshore v. County of Ventura, 25 Cal. 3d 14, 29-30 (1979).
California 1st District: Jolley v. Chase Home Finance, LLC, 213 Cal. App. 4th 872, 909 (2013).
California 2d District: Tashakori v. Lakis, 196 Cal. App. 4th 1003, 1013 n.6 (2011).
California 3d District: Levi v. O'Connell, 144 Cal. App. 4th 700, 706 (2006).
California 4thDistrict: Sandler v. Casale, 125 Cal. App. 3d 707, 711 (1981).
California 5th District: None.
California 6th District: Lockheed Martin Corp. v. Continental Ins. Co., 134 Cal. App. 4th 187, 220 (2005), overruled on other grounds.
CALIFORNIA FEDERAL COURTS
United States Court of Appeal for the 9th Circuit: None.
Central District: None.
Eastern District: Maxum Indem. Co. v. Court Servs., No. 2:11-cv-2014 GEB EFB, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 79956, at *7 (E.D. Cal. June 8, 2012).
Northern District: Campana v. Allstate Ins. Co., No. C-01 - 1842 PJH, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14245, at *8 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 12, 2001).
Southern District: None.