- Existence of an underlying tort;
- Formation of an agreement to commit an unlawful act;
- Wrongful act or acts committed in furtherance of the common design; and
- Resulting injury to Plaintiff.
In California civil conspiracy is “not a cause of action, but a legal doctrine that imposes liability on persons who, although not actually committing a tort themselves, share with the immediate tortfeasors a common plan or design in its perpetration.” Applied Equip. Corp. v. Litton Saudi Arabia Ltd., 7 Cal. 4th 503, 510-11 (1994).
CALIFORNIA STATE COURTS
Supreme Court of California: Rusheen v. Cohen, 37 Cal. 4th 1048, 1062 (2006).
California 1st Dist.: AREI II Cases, 216 Cal. App. 4th 1004, 1022 (2013).
California 2d Dist.: City of Industry v. City of Fillmore, 198 Cal. App. 4th 191, 212 (2011).
California 4th Dist.: Richard B. LeVine, Inc. v. Higashi, 131 Cal. App. 4th 566, 574 & 579 (2005); Choate v. County of Orange, 86 Cal. App. 4th 312, 333 (2000).
California 5th Dist.: Mendoza v. Continental Sales Co., 140 Cal. App. 4th 1395, 1406 n.7 (2006).
California 6th Dist.: Berg & Berg Enterprises, LLC v. Sherwood Partners, Inc., 131 Cal. App. 4th 802, 823 (2005).
CALIFORNIA FEDERAL COURTS
United States Court of Appeal for the 9th Circuit: Young v. Hamilton, 92 Fed. Appx. 389, 393 (9th Cir. 2003).
Central District: Velasco v. Homewide Lending Corp., No. SACV 13-00698-CJC(RNBx), 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 87880, at *15 (C.D. Cal. June 21, 2013).
Eastern District: Alimena v. Vericrest Fin., Inc., No. CIV. S-12-0901 LKK/JFM, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 112814, at *33. (E.D. Cal. Aug. 9, 2013).
Northern District: Rockridge Trust v. Wells Fargo, N.A., No. C-13-01457 JCS, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 139606, at *109-110 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 25, 2013); Everflow Tech. Corp. v. Millennium Elecs., Inc., No. C07-05795 HRL, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 131390, at *19-20 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 13, 2013).
Southern District: Wallack v. Idexx Labs., Inc., No. 11cv2996-GPC(KSC), 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 131403, at *41 (S.D. Cal. Sept. 12, 2013).